ENVIRONMENTAL
D. Cheng/R.Yakobi

Choose a sub-category:

Anaphylaxis
Burn
Caustcs
Drowning
Electrical/Lightning Injury
Frostbite
Hyperthermia
Hypothermia

ABC's of Wilderness Medicine

The goals of " ABC's" of wilderness medicine is to Resuscitate, Stabilize and provide Supportive care until definitive care is available
 

    1. Attitude - strong and positive attitude
    2. Avoid panic
    3. Assess the scene - it doesn't help the patient if rescuer gets hurt
    4. Airway - while securing the airway, avoid C-spine injury
    5. Breathing - "rescue breathing" as needed (see BLS).
    6. Circulation - control of hemorrhage if present, CPR as needed
    7. Disability - determine if patient is AAO, verbal response, pain response
    8. Extremity evaluation and neurovascular assessment
    9. Environmental isolation - i.e. isolate from cold/fire, etc.
    10. Rescue signals
    11. H2OFood - obtain first water then food

      Remember the
      "rule of 3" - 3 min to live without air, 3 hrs to live in hostile environment (snow or sand storm, freezing rain), 3 days to live without water, 3 wks to live w/o food.

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